Vijayawada is the commercial city of Andhra Pradesh, India, and the third largest after Hyderabad and Visakhapatnam, with an area of 261.88 km2. The city municipal limits has a population of 1,048,240 (2011 Census), while the population of the metropolitan area is 1,491,202. The city is also popularly known by its historic name Bezawada, which is used by the Indian Railways in assigning its railway station code "BZA".
The city is well connected to other regions by road, rail and air. It has the second busiest railway junction in India and second biggest bus terminus in asia. As the commercial capital of Andhra Pradesh,Vijayawada is politically active, sociologically dominant, agriculturally rich, and is an industrial transportation hub.
Vijayawada, also called Vidyala wada (Place of Education), occupies a large amount of the education infrastructure of Andhra Pradesh. Education in the city is implemented by the government and private institutions. Vijayawada Municipal Corporation takes care of the government educational institutions.
The city is divided into 59 political wards. Each ward of the Municipal Corporation is represented by an area corporator. An elected body headed by the mayor performs the administration of the corporation. The Commissioner acts as the executive head and oversees the day-to-day functioning of the local body. The Commissioner is an IAS officer of Joint Collector rank appointed by the State Government. It has a dedicated Sub-Collector's office for administration of State and Central Government programmes. The staff strength of the Corporation is over 5,000. Vijayawada is one of the three cities in Andhra Pradesh to be provided with its own Police Commissionerate. The Vijayawada City Police is headed by a Police Commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of DIG rank along with two Deputy Commissioners of Police who are also IPS officers.